3 Types of Batik Indonesia

There are three types of batik, they are batik tulis, batik cap (stamp), and batik print. All are part of Indonesian cultural heritage with a high value and art fusion. Besides, it is rich with philosophical symbols and meanings.

The following article helps you understand fun facts about different types of batik. Here is some information that you can learn.

Batik Tulis

Find out five interesting facts you should know about Batik Tulis. Let us see the following explanation.

Historical Background

The original word of batik comes from the Javanese word. It combines two words, amba means writing, and point means point.

Batik Tulis is through a manual or handwritten process. It applies a canting or a pen-like tool. Then, it takes the liquid hot wax to create a beautiful pattern on the cloth.

Canting Tulis Technique

Canting Tulis technique requires a person with high artistic skill. Due to its complexity, this technique takes almost a year to finish. Through a long process, it gives this Indonesian fabric a high value.

This technique shares some advantages. First, each has no the same pattern. Second, there is the initial name of the artist on the fabric.

Colet Technique

An interesting fact about Batik Tulis informs us about Colet as a popular batik-making technique. The method is similar to painting the batik pattern on the cloth. It is complex, detailed, and beautiful.

The artist spreads colors using a brush and draws batik patterns on the fabric. Because of that, this technique needs people who have high artistic skills.

Unique Characteristics

The most popular one is Batik Tulis which has the smell of batik wax. It makes Batik Tulis have better quality. Additionally, the design is unique and has no same pattern.

The Most Expensive Type

Due to the complex and detailed method, Batik Tulis has become the most expensive one. The reasons are because of its long and manual process. It takes longer than other batik types.

Moreover, the artists are skillful people. They can create a beautiful and unique model. Its valuable price is equal to the pattern that one can get.

Batik Cap or Stamp

The brief below information about Batik Stamp may be helpful for you.

The Artists

Compared to the Batik Tulis process, Batik Cap takes men to work on it. This happens because it requires the power to stamp the batik pattern into the fabric. Thus, it only allows men to create batik Cap.

Tool Used

The word Cap means Stamp. Thus, this batik type uses a technique by stamping the batik pattern on the top of the fabric. It is similar to how we stamp on paper.

There are also various types of Batik Cap patterns. All of them use a very flat base and thin tool. Then, one stamp batik wax on the fabric and makes the surface area covered with the wax.

The Advantages

This technique also shares some advantages. First, it covers more area on the fabric—batik Cap with the same coverage pattern.

Aside from that, the process is quick and less expensive. It takes only one day to create an excellent Batik Cap. Because of that, this batik type can meet the public need for Batik cloth.

Process of Making

In Batik Cap, the tool has a dimension of 20 x 20 cm with multiple patterns.

First, the artist takes a liquid hot wax. Then, continue by stamping it on the top of the fabric. The coloring process starts after the wax dries and absorbs on the other side of the cloth.

Different Patterns

Nowadays, batik clothing is worn in various circles. It is not only used by certain people. It is more acceptable and affordable.

Because of that, the pattern also grows and varies. We can find some motives of batik in some areas in Java. Additionally, we can use it on different occasions, which is not only for formal but also for casual moments.

Batik Printing

The information about Batik Printing below can be beneficial for you.

Technique Meaning

Apart from the above method, there is another technique for making batik. It is called a printing technique.

As the name suggests, it prints the pattern into the fabric. This technique allows us to get a beautiful batik at a competitive price.

Gain Popularity

Batik Printing was known to the public during the 70s. This method uses a printing machine to create a Batik.

The printed patterns are prepared from the computer or the printing machines.

Due to its simple process, this batik type has become popular. Nowadays, most commercial batik industries apply this technique to produce batik.

Less Human Effort

Unlike the above Batik method, this technique requires less effort from humans. It replaces human power and relies on the process of the machine.

We can see the pattern printing result on the fabric. We understand that it relies on machinery to complete a piece of Batik cloth.

Positive Things

Among all batik types, Batik Printing has a quicker production. It takes less time to produce one batik fabric, especially Batik Cap.

Through this technique, we can create mass production of batik fabric. So, it helps a lot in fulfilling the public market needs.

Good Quality

Although it provides mass production, this batik has apparent patterns. Additionally, we can get more detailed batik fabric due to the printing machinery’s improvement.

That is why we will get Batik Printing in good quality. By improving the quality, all types of batik can be more popular.