Let’s see five ways to draw a unique and beautiful batik design for beginners.
Who doesn’t know this original Indonesian craft? Not only famous in all corners of Indonesia, but batik is now increasingly popular in foreign countries and is often used by top celebrities to Hollywood artists.
However, making batik motifs is not easy and requires perseverance. For friends who want to try making batik, let’s see five ways to draw unique and beautiful batik designs for beginners below:
1. Creating Lines and Curves
The first step for beginners is practicing drawing simple batik designs by making straight and curved lines. Start by making straight lines and then expand by making curved lines in the form of the letter S.
After getting used to beginner batik, you can learn to make branches on curved lines by paying attention to proportions to make them look balanced. Before starting to make batik, you should make a guideline to make it easier for batik at the next stage.
For beginners, it is recommended to practice using paper before you use the drawing area in the form of cloth.
2. Recognizing Batik Design Motifs
After practicing making the lines and curves of batik, beginners must recognize and understand the types of batik motifs. This is necessary so that the batik makers understand each motif’s difficulty level, which you will draw later.
The batik motif is a unity of lines, shapes, and forms that complement each other. Two motifs are often found in batik cloth, geometric and non-geometric motifs.
For beginners, it is recommended to choose easy batik designs, namely geometric motifs, because they have relatively standard images such as triangles, trapezoids, circles, and other geometric shapes.
An example of a geometric motif is the tumpal batik motif which is triangular and has a row pattern. Non-geometric motifs have irregular patterns with various ornaments consisting of floral motifs such as flowers and leaves, animal batik in the form of animals and insects, parang barong batik, and so on.
Each batik has its meaning and significance. For example, the parang barong batik motif created by Sultan Agung Hanyakrakusuma can only be used by a king and means that a king must always be careful and be able to control himself.
3. Determine the Desired Main Design and Prepare Equipment
After practicing making lines and curves, the thing to do to draw a batik design is to determine the structure. In deciding on the central theme, it is necessary to pay attention to the location and size of the plan because this motif will be the main attraction of the batik.
The central motif itself is generally a simplification (stylization) of natural objects in the form of temples, animals, plants, and other things. The purpose of the object simplification process is to make it easier for batik makers to draw the main design.
For the main design image to be more attractive and unique, it is recommended that the batik maker does not only take one point of view. We recommend that the selected object be drawn from various sides, front, side, and back.
For beginners, you can choose a simple main design such as a butterfly or geometric motifs in the form of triangles or squares.
After determining the central motif, the next thing that needs to be done is to prepare tools and materials such as pencils, rulers, erasers, paper, canting, dyes, and cloth. For beginners, it is better to use a pencil so that you can erase it if it is wrong. If you feel proficient enough, you can use canting to draw motifs on the fabric.
4. Filling the Background (Isen-Isen)
The term pattern may be better known as Isen. Isen-isen (patterns) can increase the selling value of batik because the drawing process is complicated and requires good detail. Each pattern on batik is the identity of batik itself.
Isen ornaments generally form dots, small circles, lines, scales, gringsing, and other shapes that will complement the central motif so that batik looks more unique and beautiful. Batik makers must be innovative in choosing isen-isen motifs that match the central motif so that the design results can look harmonious and complete.
5. Draw Additional Motifs
You can draw additional motifs to beautify the batik design. Batik makers are free to choose what other motifs will be drawn as long as these motifs are under the central theme.
For example, if we choose a non-geometric motif, namely a floral batik design, then as an additional motif, the batik maker can draw leaves or insects such as butterflies. Remember that additional motifs are only complementary motifs, so the image size cannot be larger than the main motif image.
This motif should be drawn throughout the area so that the batik looks solid. After the batik design drawing is complete, the final step is to color the batik according to the taste and creativity of the batik maker.
Those are five ways to draw batik designs that friends can follow while honing and adding skills. It doesn’t look effortless, but as beginners, we can start by continuing to practice.