Let’s see 5 ways to draw a unique and beautiful batik design for beginnners.
Who doesn’t know this original Indonesian craft? Not only famous in all corners of Indonesia, Batik is now increasingly popular in foreign countries and is often used by top celebrities to Hollywood artists.
However, making batik motifs is not easy and requires perseverance, for friends who want to try making batik, let’s see 5 ways to draw unique and beautiful batik designs for beginners below:
1.Creating Lines and Curves
The first step for beginners is to practice drawing simple batik designs by making straight lines and curved lines. Start by making straight lines and then expand by making curved lines in the form of the letter S.
After getting used to beginner batik, you can learn to make branches on curved lines by paying attention to proportions to make them look balanced. Before starting to make batik, you should make a guide line to make it easier for batik at the next stage.
For beginners, it is recommended to practice using paper before you use the drawing area in the form of cloth.
2. Recognizing Batik Design Motifs
After practicing making the lines and curves of batik, beginners must recognize and understand the types of batik motifs. This is necessary so that the batik makers understand the level of difficulty of each motif that will be drawn later.
Batik motif itself is a unity of lines, shapes and forms that complement each other. There are two motifs that are often found in batik cloth, namely geometric and non-geometric motifs. For beginners, it is recommended to choose easy batik designs, namely geometric motifs because they have fairly standard images such as triangles, trapezoids, circles, and other geometric shapes.
An example of a geometric motif is the tumpal batik motif which is triangular in shape and has a row pattern. Non-geometric motifs have irregular patterns with various ornaments consisting of floral motifs such as flowers and leaves, animal batik in the form of animals and insects, parang barong batik, and so on.
Each batik has its own meaning and significance, for example the parang barong batik motif created by Sultan Agung Hanyakrakusuma can only be used by a king and means that a king must always be careful and be able to control himself.
3.Determine the Desired Main Design and Prepare Equipment
After practicing making lines and curves, the thing to do to draw a batik design is to determine the design. In determining the main theme, it is necessary to pay attention to the location and size of the design because this motif will be the main attraction of batik.
The main motif itself is generally a simplification (stylization) of real objects in the form of temples, animals, plants and other objects. The purpose of the object simplification process is to make it easier for batik makers to draw the main design.
In order for the main design image to be more attractive and unique, it is recommended that the batik maker does not only take one point of view. We recommend that the selected object is drawn from various sides, both front, side and back.
For beginners, you can choose a simple main design such as a butterfly or geometric motifs in the form of triangles or squares.
After finishing determining the main motif, the next thing that needs to be done is to prepare tools and materials such as pencils, rulers, erasers, paper, canting, dyes and of course cloth. For beginners it is better to use a pencil so that it can be erased if it is wrong. If you feel you are proficient enough, then you can use canting to draw motifs on the fabric.
4. Filling the Background (Isen-Isen)
After finishing determining the main theme, the fourth step of the 5 ways to draw batik designs is to fill the background of the batik pattern with isen ornaments.
Isen himself may be better known by the term pattern. Isen-isen (patterns) can increase the selling value of batik because the drawing process is quite complicated and requires good detail, and each pattern on batik is the identity of batik itself.
Isen ornaments are generally in the form of dots, small circles, lines, scales, gringsing and other shapes that will complement the main motif so that batik looks more unique and beautiful. Batik makers must be smart in choosing isen-isen motifs that match the main motif so that the design results can look harmonious and complete.
5. Draw Additional Motifs
You can draw additional motifs to beautify the batik design. Batik makers are free to choose what additional motifs will be drawn as long as these motifs are in accordance with the main theme.
For example, if we choose a non-geometric motif, namely a floral batik design, then as an additional motif, the batik maker can draw leaves or insects such as butterflies. Keep in mind that additional motifs are only complementary motifs so that the image size cannot be larger than the main motif image.
This motif should be drawn throughout the area so that the batik looks solid. After the batik design drawing is complete, the final step is to color the batik according to the taste and creativity of the batik maker.
Those are 5 ways to draw batik designs that friends can follow while honing and adding skills. It looks complicated, but as a beginner, we can start by continuing to practice.