When it comes to sewing, choosing the right fabric texture is just as important as choosing the suitable fabric print. The wrong fabric texture can completely ruin the look of a garment or project, so it’s vital to take the time to select the best fabric for the job.
But with so many different fabric textures available, how do you know which one to choose? Keep reading for a helpful guide on choosing the right fabric texture for your next project.
Types of Fabric Textures
There are four main types of fabric textures: woven, knit, non-woven, and natural fibers. Each type of fabric has unique properties that make it better suited for specific projects.
- Woven Fabrics: Woven fabrics are made from two pieces of a thread interlaced at right angles. This fabric is solid and durable, making it ideal for upholstery, drapery, and tablecloths. However, because woven fabrics don’t have much give, they’re not ideal for garments that need to stretch, like leggings or yoga pants.
- Knit Fabrics: Knit fabrics are made from a single piece of thread looped together in rows. This fabric is lightweight and breathable, making it ideal for t-shirts, dresses, and skirts. Knit fabrics also have a lot of give, so they’re great for stretchy garments like leggings and yoga pants.
- Non-Woven Fabrics: Non-woven fabrics are made from fibers fused with heat or adhesive. This fabric is lightweight and typically used for lining and interfacing.
- Natural Fibers: Natural fibers include cotton, wool, silk, and linen. Natural fibers are usually solid and durable, making them great for upholstery and drapery. But they can also be delicate sometimes, so it’s not always the best fabric for garments.
The Right Fabric Texture for the Job
There’s more to choosing fabrics than just picking out a pretty print! When selecting fabrics for your next project, consider the fabric’s texture, weight, color, and content.
For example, if you’re looking for a strong and durable fabric for upholstering furniture, you’ll want to choose a woven fabric like canvas or denim.
By doing so, you’ll be sure to choose the best possible fabric for the job—and your finished project will look all the better!
The Many Different Types of Fabric Textures
As a mom, I know how important it is to have versatile clothing options for your little ones. Keep reading to learn more!
- The first type of fabric texture is smooth. Smooth fabrics feel soft and sleek and are often made from natural fibers like cotton or silk. They’re great for everyday wear because they’re comfortable and easy to care for, but they can also be dressier depending on the fabric content, such as satin or chiffon.
- The second type of fabric texture is nubby. Nubby fabrics have a raised surface, like corduroy or velvet. They’re often used for winter clothing because they’re warm and cozy; however, nubby fabrics can also be trendy and fun, like ruffled or quilted fabrics.
- The third type of fabric texture is crisp. Crisp fabrics are stiffer than smooth or nubby fabrics. They hold their shape well and are often used for formal wear or workwear. Common examples of crisp fabrics include denim, linen, and gabardine.
- Matte: Matte fabrics have a semi-smooth surface with little shine. They’re usually made from natural fibers like wool or linen.
- Glossy: Glossy fabrics have a high sheen and are often made from synthetic fibers like polyester or nylon. They’re typically used for special occasions because they are less comfortable than other fabrics.
There you have it! Thanks for reading!
How To Identify Fabric Texture
- First, take a look at the care label. This will usually give you a good indication of what the fabric is made of.
- Second, try to identify any patterns in the fabric. For example, is it smooth or has a lot of texture?
- Third, feel the fabric between your fingers. Is it stiff or soft? Once you’ve considered all of these factors, you should have a pretty good idea of the fabric texture.
Why Fabric Texture Matters
Now that you know all about fabric texture, you might wonder why it matters.
- The type of fabric affects how comfortable clothing is to wear: Soft, smooth fabrics are more gentle on the skin and cause less irritation than crisp fabrics.
- The durability of clothing is determined by how crisp or smooth the fabric is: usually, crisp fabrics are more durable than smooth ones because they’re less likely to rip or become misshapen over time.
- It affects how formal clothing looks: Glossy fabrics are usually more formal than matte fabrics because they have a high sheen that makes them look luxurious and expensive.