There are interesting facts about Batik wax that you should know. The batik wax is a material commonly used to cover images of batik motifs so that the surface can resist the color given to the fabric itself.
The batik wax used will not run out (lost) because You can take it back after the batik-making process ends. Batik itself is making motifs on a piece of cloth using wax or a “Malam” barrier in Javanese.
Therefore, the use of wax on batik is essential. Because of the importance of using batik wax in the manufacturing process, there is nothing wrong if you know some interesting facts about batik wax.
10 Interesting Facts about Batik Wax
Some of you may not know about these interesting facts. As we all know, batik wax is an important material in making batik. Here are the most interesting facts about it that you should know:
Used to Use Beeswax
In the past, the use of Batik wax still used natural ingredients that were not as complex as batik wax in the modern era like now. People used to use a lot of beehives for batik.
This is because the inside of the honeycomb contains a collection of hexagonal structures made of wax. This wax is composed of fatty acid esters and various long-chain alcohol compounds.
Another interesting fact about Batik wax is the Javanese call the honeycomb “Malam,” which is why until now, the wax for batik is often called “Malam.”
Modern Batik Wax Made of Various Compositions
Now, you can find batik wax on the market in various grades. Batik candles are generally made of multiple materials that can hold water.
Some of these ingredients include Gondorukem (pine sap that has been distilled), Paraffin, Gum Damar, Micro wax (a more refined type of paraffin), animal fat (‘kendal,’ lard), Lanceng wax, coconut oil, wasp wax (kote) and others.
The composition of the making material is adjusted so that it has water resistance when the wax is used. It can melt when hot at approximately 59 degrees Celsius, is not quickly broken when dry and can stick to the fabric well.
Paraffin Suitable for Batik Wax in Wet Climate
One of the exciting facts about batik wax is that paraffin is obtained from the distillation of petroleum. Paraffin or BPM candles are primarily pure white or light yellow. This material is more widely used in batik wax mixtures to be durable and easy to release when ‘lorod.’
The most distinctive properties of paraffin that distinguish it from other wax types are its excellent wet-permeable resistance, ease of diluting and freezing quickly, and small adhesion that is easy to remove.
It also has a low melting point, yellow or white paraffin at 560 C to 600 C, resistant to alkaline solutions but not durable. The selling price of paraffin is relatively lower than other wax materials.
Paraffin wax is suitable for wax mixtures used in wet weather or rainy seasons, used in klowong and wall wax mixtures, especially for batik fabrics that tend to be rough.
Gondokurem Used to Harden Batik Wax
The fact about Batik wax of Gondorukem is it comes from the sap of pine trees. This pine sap, when distilled, will leave gondorukem, which is also known as gondo, songka, harppus, or hars.
The use of gondo in the mixture of batik wax is usually intended so that the batik wax becomes harder and does not freeze quickly so that the shape of the batik wax becomes good. Gondorukem is traditionally used for a mixture of klowong candles and wall candles.
Artists used micro wax Instead of Kote Candles.
Micro wax or micro wax is a type of paraffin that is smoother and has good quality. The color is light yellow and in a state of weakness (flexible) resembles a batik wax kote.
In making batik cloth, micro wax is often used as a substitute for kote wax (wasp batik wax). This material is a mixture of batik wax is for klowong or wall wax on fine quality batik.
Types of Batik Candles; Klowong Batik Wax
The klowong batik wax serves as ‘nglowongi’ or the first attachment to the motif that has been made (reinforces the pattern). This type of klowong candle has the property of being easily diluted by heating.
In addition, this wax is also easy to freeze. Because it is used for gluing, this type of wax also has high adhesion. Batik wax klowong are usually used to make a firm line or a sharp line. The advantage of klowong wax is that it is easy to ‘lorod’ and does not leave marks on the fabric.
Tembokan or Popokan Batik Wax to Make Blocks
Another interesting fact about Batik wax are the type of popokan wax to block/block/fill large areas in a pattern so that people can block fabrics with motifs. This type of wall wax has strong adhesive properties and is not easy to crumble.
It takes a long time to melt but freezes quickly absorbs easily into fabrics, is resistant to alkaline solutions, and does not easily come off in water bathing during the lorod process. Therefore, the process is usually carried out several times to completely remove the wax layer from the fabric fibers.
Biron Batik wax is used for the Color Closing Process.
Bironi wax cover specific motif colors that are retained on the fabric after being dyed or smeared. This wax has properties like klowong wax, such as easy to melt and freeze, not very strong adhesion, not resistance to alkaline solutions, easy to penetrate the fabric, and easy to sag.
Batik Wax Heating Process Can Affect Results
To obtain good batik results, artist should adjust the size of the candle heating flame to the needs. Try not to be too big or too small so that the batik wax is easy to make batik and gives good results.
The heating process will affect the results. If the fire is too big or hot, the wax will melt and become runny. When written on the wax cloth, it will enter the fabric and cannot form a thick line (ngawat).
If the fire is not large enough or not hot enough, the batik wax will thicken, and it won’t be easy to get out of the canthing. As a result, the lines written on the cloth will become dashed and less attached to the fabric.
Njebor Is a Process of Mixing Batik Wax Ingredients
As previously explained, the wax used for batik in general consists of a mixture of wax staples in a specific ratio to achieve the desired properties.
This work of mixing wax is called ‘njebor,’ so the batik wax produced is called ‘jeboran wax.’ Selection of raw materials and processes must be made correctly to maximize results.
Not only batik, it turns out that batik candles also have a myriad of dancing facts that are worth knowing.